Bone is always in a constant phase of remodeling. Over time, the jawbone associated with missing teeth can either undergo atrophy or resorb due to the absence of stimulant, which is obtained by chewing food. Tooth supporting alveolar bone can also be lost due to gum infection. It often results in conditions where bone quality and quantity are insufficient for implant placement. If a person loses enough teeth and bone, their facial contour will change giving them an aged appearance.
However modern techniques have helped to overcome this problem, they help build up the lost bone, wherever required. It allows us to place implants of sufficient length and width to restore functionality and aesthetic look.
This articleLBR Dental Implant provides necessary information about the alternatives to bone grafting for dental implants.
When is Bone Grafting Needed:
If your jawbone is not thick enough or too soft, a bone graft may be needed before you can use dental implants. Conventional two-piece implants are likely to fail if the bone is not proper as these implants are placed in the alveolar bone. A bone graft can make the implant base firmer.
It may take several months for the transplanted bone to osseointegrate and support dental implants. In some cases, only a small bone graft is needed, which can be done simultaneously along with implantation. The condition of your jawbone determines further procedures.
Where Does Bone Tissue Come From For Bone Grafting?
There are several ways to obtain bone material for bone grafting. The first option is an autograft, in which the persons own bone from other parts of the body is used for replacement, e.g. from the chin or from the hip.
Bone grafting material obtained from other people or corpses called allograft. The third type is xenograft, taken from animals such as cows. The fourth is called alloplastic and is a synthetic bone graft that is developed in a laboratory. Bone collected is carefully disinfected and treated to ensure that bacteria or diseases do not transmit to people who receive bone grafts. Harvested and synthetic bone material can be stored in a dental office and used with local anesthesia for the bone grafting process.
ALTERNATIVES TO BONE GRAFTING TECHNIQUES
- Ridge expansion
- Alveolar distraction osteogenesis
- An alveolar ridge preservation
Ridge Expansion: A surgical procedure in which the maxilla is enlarged to receive dental implants. In this method, the upper jaw is expanded using osteotomes, this procedure cannot be done in the lower jaw as it is a compact bone. This technique, in which the jawbone is enlarged mechanically, restores the dimensions of the bone lost when the ridge becomes too thin to place conventional implants.
Alveolar distraction osteogenesis is another effective surgical method, performed in cases where the height of the lower jaw is less to support the implants.
Alveolar ridge preservation, or socket preservation, is a procedure used after tooth extraction to reduce bone loss and prevent bone resorption.
Another method to avoid Bone grafting is to go for Basal implants, these implants are placed in the basal bone which is present in all, irrespective of the amount of infection and bone loss. These implants also make use of techniques such as nerve bypass in the lower and placing Pterygoid and zygoma implants in the upper to avoid bone grafting procedures.
About LBR Dental Implants:
LBR dental implants provide world-class implant solutions, from one of the best endodontists and certified implant dentists, Dr K.A. Reddy and Sharada Reddy.
The doctors are globally trained and suggest conservative and affordable treatment options for all dental ailments. Doctors at our center use the latest technology and a wide variety of FDA approved implant options.
Restore your beautiful natural smile, and boost your self-confidence now. Get today your personalized & comprehensive dental implant services. Call or Ping us on WhatsApp at +91-9849008623, LBR Dental Implant Center, and schedule your consultation today.